Contemporary Patterns of Global Educational Mobilities: What Might Be the Impact on Innovation and Entrepreneurship?

As global flows of people and knowledge change, research into patterns of educational mobilities could inform approaches to innovation and entrepreneurship. Taking China as an example, research indicates that engagement with marketization and the embracing of neo-liberal values and governance is producing highly “enterprising” mobile subjects, who are skilled in accumulating various forms of capitals (Xu and Montgomery, 2018; Kajanus, 2015; Yan, 2010). However, constraints in domestic or internal educational mobility (such as rural to urban mobility) are also having an impact (Xiang and Shen, 2009).

Focusing particularly on China and Hong Kong, this presentation examines both new and established forms of educational mobility of students, academics and higher education institutions and underlines the importance of considering external higher education mobilities (what happens abroad) in conjunction with internal forms (what happens at home). For large emergent economies such as China, Mexico, South Africa and India, internal higher education equality (and inequality) could influence the future development of external higher education mobilities and have a resultant impact on the long term economy (Marginson, 2017). As internal education mobilities in countries such as China could either exacerbate inequalities or equalise society, the nature of domestic education mobilities could influence capacity building and be hugely influential on innovation and entrepreneurship of the future.

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Posted by IAFOR